The study by The European House – Ambrosetti, in collaboration with Ferrovie dello Stato Italiane (the Italian National Railway), provides a picture of the reasons why, in Italy, mass transit is not the cornerstone of urban mobility, as is the case in the most successful examples in many European nations.
This study summarizes and organizes the analysis, observations and findings of the research carried out by The European House – Ambrosetti in collaboration with Ferrovie dello Stato Italiane. It examines mass transit primarily in terms of individual mobility of people, while remaining cognizant of the other equally important aspect connected with freight and urban logistics.
To understand the “state of health” of mobility in Italy’s metropolitan cities, we developed an innovative index: the TEH-A Urban Mobility Index (UMI). This index provides us with a picture of the gap between cities in the north and those in the south of the country, which shows the latter significantly behind. However, it should be noted that even Italy’s cities that are “best in class” show a marked discrepancy with the most advanced situations: in Milan, which is in first place in the UMI, the level of mass transport is around 48%, five percentage points lower than London and nearly 22 points below Paris.
What, then, must be done? In the position paper we propose a “recipe” for modernization based on three cornerstones: