Antibiotics are considered one of the most important revolutions not only in the healthcare sector, but also in food, veterinary, agricultural, and industry. They have contributed to the development of modern medicine, especially in reducing mortality rates and doubling life expectancy. Today, they are seriously threatened by the phenomenon of antimicrobial resistance (AMR), which indicates the ability of microorganisms to become increasingly resistant to an antimicrobial to which they were previously sensitive. AMR is a natural phenomenon, caused by natural selection and genetic mutation, however, there are additional social pressures accelerating it.
Antimicrobial diagnostics and management, along with vaccinations, are essential in combating AMR and reducing the impacts of infectious diseases.